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Introduction
The Kisan Credit Card has emerged as an innovative credit delivery mechanism to meet the production credit requirements of the farmers in a timely and hassle-free manner. The scheme is under implementation in the entire country by the vast institutional credit framework involving Commercial Banks, RRBs and Cooperatives and has received wide acceptability amongst bankers and farmers. However, during the last 13 years of implementation, many impediments were encountered by policy makers, implementing banks and the farmers in the implementation of the scheme. Recommendations of various Committees appointed by GOI and studies conducted by NABARD also corroborate this fact. It was, therefore, felt necessary to revisit the existing KCC Scheme to make it truly simple and hassle free for both the farmers and bankers. Accordingly, the GOI, Ministry of Finance constituted a Working Group to review the KCC Scheme. Based on the recommendations of the Working Group which were accepted by the Gol, the following guidelines are issued:


Applicability of the Scheme
The Revised KCC Scheme detailed in the ensuing paragraphs is to be implemented by Commercial Banks, RRBs, and Cooperatives. The scheme provides broad guidelines to the banks for operationalising the KCC scheme. Implementing banks will have the discretion to adopt the same to suit institution/location specific requirements.


Objectives/Purpose
Kisan Credit Card Scheme aims at providing adequate and timely credit support from the banking system under a single window to the farmers for their cultivation & other needs as indicated below:

  • To meet the short term credit requirements for cultivation of crops
  • Post harvest expenses
  • Produce Marketing loan
  • Consumption requirements of farmer household
  • Working capital for maintenance of farm assets and activities allied to agriculture, like dairy animals, inland fishery etc.
  • Investment credit requirement for agriculture and allied activities like pump sets, sprayers, dairy animals etc.

Note: The aggregate of components a. to e. above will form the short term credit limit portion and the aggregate of components under f will form the long term credit limit portion.
Eligibility

  • All Farmers - Individuals / Joint borrowers who are owner cultivators
  • Tenant Farmers, Oral Lessees & Share Croppers
  • SHGs or Joint Liability Groups of Farmers including tenant farmers, share croppers etc.

Fixation of credit limit/Loan amount
The credit limit under the Kisan Credit Card may be fixed as under:

  • All farmers other than marginal farmers:
  • The short term limit to be arrived for the first year: For farmers raising single crop in a year: Scale of finance for the crop (as decided by District Level Technical Committee) x Extent of area cultivated + 10% of limit towards post-harvest / household / consumption requirements + 20% of limit towards repairs and maintenance expenses of farm assets + crop insurance, PAIS & asset insurance.
  • Limit for second & subsequent year :First year limit for crop cultivation purpose arrived at as above plus 10% of the limit towards cost escalation / increase in scale of finance for every successive year ( 2nd , 3rd, 4th and 5th year) and estimated Term loan component for the tenure of Kisan Credit Card, i.e., five years. (Illustration I)
  • For farmers raising more than one crop in a year, the limit is to be fixed as above depending upon the crops cultivated as per proposed cropping pattern for the first year and an additional 10% of the limit towards cost escalation / increase in scale of finance for every successive year (2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th year). It is assumed that the farmer adopts the same cropping pattern for the remaining four years also. In case the cropping pattern adopted by the farmer is changed in the subsequent year, the limit may be reworked. (Illustration I)
  • Term loans for investments towards land development, minor irrigation, purchase of farm equipments and allied agricultural activities. The banks may fix the quantum of credit for term and working capital limit for agricultural and allied activities, etc., based on the unit cost of the asset/s proposed to be acquired by the farmer, the allied activities already being undertaken on the farm, the bank’s judgment on repayment capacity vis-a-vis total loan burden devolving on the farmer, including existing loan obligations.
  • The long term loan limit is based on the proposed investments during the five year period and the bank’s perception on the repaying capacity of the farmer
  • Maximum Permissible Limit: The short term loan limit arrived for the 5th year plus the estimated long term loan requirement will be the Maximum Permissible Limit (MPL) and treated as the Kisan Credit Card Limit.
  • Fixation of Sub-limits for other than Marginal Farmers:
  • Short term loans and term loans are governed by different interest rates. Besides, at present, short term crop loans are covered under Interest Subvention Scheme/ Prompt Repayment Incentive scheme. Further, repayment schedule and norms are different for short term and term loans. Hence, in order to have operational and accounting convenience, the card limit is to be bifurcated into separate sub limits for short term cash credit limit cum savings account and term loans.
  • Drawing limit for short term cash credit should be fixed based on the cropping pattern and the amounts for crop production, repairs and maintenance of farm assets and consumption may be allowed to be drawn as per the convenience of the farmer. In case the revision of scale of finance for any year by the district level committee exceeds the notional hike of 10% contemplated while fixing the five year limit, a revised drawable limit may be fixed and the farmer be advised about the same. In case such revisions require the card limit itself to be enhanced (4th or 5th year), the same may be done and the farmer be so advised. For term loans, installments may be allowed to be withdrawn based on the nature of investment and repayment schedule drawn as per the economic life of the proposed investments. It is to be ensured that at any point of time the total liability should be within the drawing limit of the concerned year.
  • Wherever the card limit/liability so arrived warrants additional security, the banks may take suitable collateral as per their policy.
  • For Marginal Farmers:

A flexible limit of Rs.10,000 to Rs.50,000 be provided (as Flexi KCC) based on the land holding and crops grown including post harvest warehouse storage related credit needs and other farm expenses, consumption needs, etc., plus small term loan investments like purchase of farm equipments, establishing mini dairy/backyard poultry as per assessment of Branch Manager without relating it to the value of land. The composite KCC limit is to be fixed for a period of five years on this basis. Wherever higher limit is required due to change in cropping pattern and/or scale of finance, the limit may be arrived at as per the estimation indicated at para 1 . (Illustration II)


Disbursement

  • The short term component of the KCC limit is in the nature of revolving cash credit facility. There should be no restriction in number of debits and credits. However, each installment of the drawable limit drawn in a particular year will have to be repaid within 12 months. The drawing limit for the current season/year could be allowed to be drawn using any of the following delivery channels.
  • Operations through branch
  • Operations using Cheque facility
  • Withdrawal through ATM / Debit cards
  • Operations through Business Correspondents and ultra thin branches
  • Operation through PoS available in Sugar Mills/ Contract farming companies, etc., especially for tie- up advances
  • Operations through PoS available with input dealers
  • Mobile based transfer transactions at agricultural input dealers and mandies.

Note: (e), (f) & (g) to be introduced as early as possible so as to reduce transaction costs of both the bank as well as the farmer.

  • The long term loan for investment purposes may be drawn as per installment fixed.

As the CC limit and the term loan limit are two distinct components of the aggregate card limit bearing different rates of interest and repayment periods, until a composite card could be issued with appropriate software to separately account transactions in either sub limits, two separate electronic cards may be issued.

 

Validity / Renewal

  • Banks may determine the validity period of KCC and its periodic review.
  • The review may result in continuation of the facility, enhancement of the limit or cancellation of the limit / withdrawal of the facility, depending upon increase in cropping area / pattern and performance of the borrower.
  • When the bank has granted extension and/or re-schedulement of the period of repayment on account of natural calamities affecting the farmer, the period for reckoning the status of operations as satisfactory or otherwise would get extended together with the extended amount of limit. When the proposed extension is beyond one crop season, the aggregate of debits for which extension is granted is to be transferred to a separate term loan account with stipulation for repayment in installments.

Rate of Interest (ROI):
Rate of Interest will be linked to Base Rate and is left to the discretion of the banks.


Repayment Period:

  • Each withdrawal under the short term sub-limit as estimated under (a) to (e) of Para 3 above ,be allowed to be liquidated in 12 months without the need to bring the debit balance in the account to zero at any point of time. No withdrawal in the account should remain outstanding for more than 12 months.
  • The term loan component will be normally repayable within a period of 5 years depending on the type of activity / investment as per the existing guidelines applicable for investment credit.
  • Financing banks at their discretion may provide longer repayment period for term loan depending on the type of investment.

Margin:
To be decided by banks.


Security:

  • Security will be applicable as per RBI guidelines prescribed from time to time.
  • Security requirement may be as under:
  • Hypothecation of crops up to card limit of Rs. 1.00 lakh as per the extant RBI guidelines.
  • With tie-up for recovery: Banks may consider sanctioning loans on hypothecation of crops up to card limit of Rs.3.00 lakh without insisting on collateral security.
  • Collateral security may be obtained at the discretion of Bank for loan limits above Rs.1.00 lakh in case of non tie-up and above Rs.3.00 lakh in case of tie-up advances.
  • In States where banks have the facility of on-line creation of charge on the land records, the same shall be ensured.
Other features:
Uniformity to be adopted in respect of following:
  • Interest Subvention/Incentive for prompt repayment as advised by Government of India and / or State Governments. The bankers will make the farmers aware of this facility.
  • The KCC holder should have the option to take benefit of Crop Insurance, Assets Insurance, Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS), and Health Insurance (wherever product is available and have premium paid through his KCC account). Necessary premium will have to be paid on the basis of agreed ratio between bank and farmer to the insurance companies from KCC accounts. Farmer beneficiaries should be made aware of the insurance cover available and their consent is to be obtained, at the application stage itself.
  • One time documentation at the time of first availment and thereafter simple declaration (about crops raised / proposed) by farmer from the second year onwards.

Classification of account as NPA:

  • With a view to simplifying asset-classification, the Committee has recommended that an account could be treated as “standard”, when the balance outstanding is less than or equal to drawing limit [short term (crop) loan] at any point of time during the preceding one year. In other words, it is suggested that the short term loan (with major component of crop loan) sanctioned on the KCC can be given the same treatment as a “cash credit” account for the purpose of applying prudential norms and should not be treated as “out of order” if the balance outstanding is less than or equal to the drawing limit and each drawl is repaid within a period of 12 months. Term loan under KCC has fixed repayment schedule and is to be governed by extant prudential norms.
  • Charging of interest is to be done uniformly as is applicable to agricultural advance.

Processing fee
may be decided by banks.
Other Conditions
Suggested by Government of India while implementing the revised guidelines of KCC Scheme:

  • In case the farmer applies for loan against the warehouse receipt of his produce; the banks would consider such requests as per the established procedure and guidelines. However, when such loans are sanctioned, these should be linked with the crop loan account, if any and the crop loan outstanding in the account could be settled at the stage of disbursal of the pledge loan, if the farmer desires.
  • The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) will design the card of the KCC to be adopted by all the banks with their branding.
  • All new KCC must be issued as per the revised guidelines of the KCC Scheme .Further, at the time of renewal of existing KCC; farmers must be issued smart card cum debit card.

PART II – Delivery Channels –Technical features
Issue of cards
The beneficiaries under the scheme will be issued with a Smart card/ Debit card (Biometric smart card compatible for use in the ATMs/Hand held Swipe Machines and capable of storing adequate information on farmers identity, assets, land holdings and credit profile etc).All KCC holders should be provided with any one or a combination of the following types of cards:
Type of Card:
A magnetic stripe card with PIN (Personal Identification Number) with an ISO IIN (International Standards Organization International Identification Number) to enable access to all banks ATMs and micro ATMs
In cases where the Banks would want to utilize the centralized biometric authentication infrastructure of the UIDAI (Aadhaar authentication), Debit cards with magnetic stripe and PIN with ISO IIN with biometric authentication of UIDAI can be provided.
Debit Cards with magnetic stripe and only biometric authentication can also be provided depending on customer base of the bank. Till such time, UIDAI becomes widespread, if the banks want to get started without inter-operability using their existing centralized bio metric infrastructure, banks may do so.
Banks may choose to issue EMV (Europay, MasterCard and VISA, a global standard for inter­operation of integrated circuit cards) compliant chip cards with magnetic stripe and pin with ISO IIN.
Further, the biometric authentication and smart cards may follow the common open standards prescribed by IDRBT and IBA. This will enable them to transact seamlessly with input dealers as also enable them to have the sales proceeds credited to their accounts when they sell their output at mandies, procurement centers, etc.
All the cooperative banks shall migrate to CBS platform at the earliest so as to implement the technological innovations in KCC as indicated above. Wherever CBS in the bank has not been in place , a pass book or a credit card cum pass book incorporating the name, address, particulars of land holding, borrowing limit, validity period etc. may be issued fir the time being which will serve both as an identity card as well as facilitate recording of the transactions on an ongoing basis. The card, among others, would provide for a photograph of the holder.
Delivery Channels:
The following delivery channels shall be put in place to start with so that the Kisan Credit Card is used by the farmers to effectively transact their operations in their KCC account.

  • Withdrawal through ATMs / Micro ATM
  • Withdrawal through BCs using smart cards.
  • PoS machine through input dealers
  • Mobile Banking with IMPS capabilities/ IVR
  • Aadhaar enabled Cards.

Mobile Banking/ Other Channels:
Provide Mobile banking functionality for KCC Cards/Accounts as well along with Interbank Mobile Payment Service (IMPS of NPCI) capability to allow customers to use this inter-operable IMPS for funds transfer between banks and also to do merchant payment transactions as additional capability for purchases of agricultural inputs.
This mobile banking should ideally be on Unstructured Supplementary Data (USSD) platform for wider and safer acceptance. However, the banks can also offer this on other fully encrypted modes (application based or SMS based) to make use of the recent relaxation on transaction limits. Banks can also offer unencrypted mobile banking subject to RBI regulations on transaction limits.
It is necessary that Mobile based transaction platforms enabling transactions in the KCC use easy to use SMS based solution with authentication thru’ MPIN. Such solutions also need to be enabled on IVR in local language to ensure transparency and security. Such mobile based payment systems should be encouraged by all the banks by creating awareness and by doing proper customer education.
A flow chart for such mobile based transaction system for KCC limits is enclosed for ready reference. With the existing infrastructure available with banks, all KCC holders should be provided with any one or a combination of the following types of cards:

  • Debit cards (magnetic stripe card with PIN) enabling farmers to operate the limit through all banks ATMs/Micro ATMs
  • Debit Cards with magnetic stripe and biometric authentication.
  • Smart cards for doing transactions through PoS machines held by Business Correspondents, input dealers, traders and Mandies.
  • EMV compliant chip cards with magnetic stripe and pin with ISO IIN.

In addition, the banks having a call centre/Inter active Voice Response (IVR), may provide SMS based mobile banking with a call back facility from bank for mobile PIN (MPIN) verification through IVR, thus making a secured SMS based mobile banking facility available to card holders.

Implementation of the Scheme of KCC -Year wise Target and Achievements

amount in lacs

KCC

Year

Target 

KCC Sanctioned

%age of Ach.

A/C

Amount

A/C

Amount

(Physical)

2002-03

30766

3627.07

4393

1718.29

47%

2003-04

39170

5613.02

3098

2200.90

39%

2004-05

102368

9690.41

5781

2283.37

24%

2005-06

113805

10982.57

10223

2356.97

21%

2006-07

66799

12047.96

4599

2375.02

20%

2007-08

46648

17843.72

3725

2025.13

11%

2008-09

34534

10470.1

2734

1606.85

15%

2009-10

35005

8647.27

6707

3246.96

38%

2010-11

49870

27466.36

8659

3910.31

14%

2011-12

1236723*

124365

96045.90

10%

2012-13

1284000

664955

346250.00

52%

2013-14

1017152**

744470

446117.27

73%

2014-15

1017152**

841879

598287.99

82%

2015-16 
981449***
10,00,581
8,71,652.35
102%

Year 2016-17

9,81,449

10,66,275

9,60,082.37

109%

 

* Target being 100% coverage of farmers in J&K State

** As per door to door survey conducted by Agriculture Production Department, some farmers families have not opted for KCC

*** Interested farmers in opting for KCC

Kisan Credit Card Scheme (NABARD) Circular
Kisan Credit Card Scheme (RBI) Circular

   
     
     
     
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The Jammu & Kashmir Bank Ltd.
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